Thursday, 10 March 2016

Deep Space Objects: Galaxies in the Southern Hemisphere

This is a catalogue of the 15 brightest galaxies south of 0° Declination. Where i have imaged the galaxy, my best picture of the structure is included.

Large Magellanic Cloud: ESO56-115 (LMC)

Constellation: Dorado
B Magnitude: 0.9 Type: SBm F: B Distance: 0.16 million Light Years
Notes:  disrupted barred spiral galaxy first mentioned by Persian astronomer Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi Shirazi, ("Azophi"), in his Book of Fixed Stars around 964 AD.  Mentioned in 1503–4 by Amerigo Vespucci in a letter about his third voyage and Ferdinand Magellan sighted the LMC on his voyage in 1519.

Small Magellanic Cloud: NGC292 (SMC)

Constellation: Tucana
B Magnitude: 2.7 Type: SBm F: B Distance: 0.19 million Light Years
Notes: dwarf irregular galaxy

Centaurus A: NGC5128

Constellation: Centaurus
B Magnitude: 7.6 Type: SO F: M Distance: 13 million Light Years
Notes:  discovered in 1826 by Scottish astronomer James Dunlop from his home in Parramatta.

Southern Pinwheel Galaxy: NGC5236 (M83)

Constellation: Hydra
B Magnitude: 7.9 Type: SAB(s)c F: B Distance: 15.21 million Light Years
Notes: Nicolas Louis de Lacaille discovered M83 on February 23, 1752 at the Cape of Good Hope.

Sculptor Galaxy (Silver Coin or Dollar Galaxy): NGC253

Constellation: Sculptor
B Magnitude: 7.9 Type: SBc F: B Distance 11.5 million Light Years
Notes: discovered by Caroline Herschel in 1783 during a comet search.


Constellation: Sculptor
B Magnitude: 8.4 Type: SBm F: B Distance 7 million Light Years
Notes:  Magellanic type barred spiral galaxy


Constellation: Sculptor
B Magnitude: 8.8 Type: ScD Distance 7 million Light Years
Notes: Spiral galaxy

Sombrero Galaxy: NGC4594 (M104)

Constellation: Virgo
B Magnitude: 9 Type: Sa Distance: 29.3 million Light Years

Fornax Dwarf

Constellation: Fornax 
B Magnitude: 9 Type: E Distance: .5 million Light Years
Notes: Elliptical dwarf galaxy discovered in 1938 by Harlow Shapley.


Constellation: Parvo
B Magnitude: 9.1 Type: SBbc F: B Distance 30 million Light Years
Notes:  intermediate spiral galaxy, the most Milky Way-like spiral galaxies in our immediate vicinity


Constellation: Centaurus
B Magnitude: 9.2 Type: SBc F: B Distance 11 million Light Years
Notes: Spiral galaxy with large black hole, discovered by James Dunlop in 1826

Barnard's Galaxy: NGC6822

Constellation: Sagittarius
B Magnitude: 9.3 Type: Irr F: B Distance 1.6 million Light Years

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